Fall Turnover on the Chesapeake

Fall Turnover on the Chesapeake 

Fall fishing can be some of the best of the year, but it can take some understanding of the Chesapeake Bay’s transition or “Fall Turnover” in order to put meat in the box.

Temperature, salinity and circulation determine the basic aspects of a given body of water.  Wind, rainfall, air temperature, snow melt, currents, tides, waves and even the Coriolis Effect shape these fundamentals.  The term “Fall Turnover” refers to the annual phenomenon that the Chesapeake’s water layers undergo.

During the Spring and Summer months, the Bay’s surface is heated by the sun and maintains a higher temperature than that of deeper depths.  The cooler, saltier water is denser and therefore sinks to the bottom during this time of year.  Two distinct layers of waters stratify with a thinner zone in between them.  This middle section of water is called the “pycnocline” and it is where water density increases abruptly with increasing depths due to changes in salinity and water temperature.  Since the thermocline is a region of rapidly fluctuating water temperature, and the halocline marks sudden changes in salinity, it’s useful to think of these two “clines” as causing forces behind the pycnocline.  The stratification of the Bay’s layers and a significant pycnocline can create barriers to nutrients mixing between layers and can void the bottom of dissolved oxygen.  This is why fish are often not found very deep in some areas during the Summer.

When Fall brings cooler temperatures and an abundance of wind, the Bay is stirred like a giant mixing bowl.  The fresher surface water cools the quickest and density becomes consistent throughout the water column.  This causes the top layer to sink and vertical mixing to occur.  As the water blends, it pushes nutrients up from the bottom and distributes oxygen deeper.  During much of the winter, water salinity and temperature are relatively constant from the surface to the bottom.  The turnover can happen overnight but will do so in different areas at different times depending on conditions.

So, who cares?  Fish do.  Striped Bass, the crown jewel of the Chesapeake, are greatly affected by this autumn changeover.  With dissolved oxygen more evenly dispersed, fish may be suspended anywhere from the very bottom up to the surface of a post-turnover area.  It can be more challenging to target fish scattered through the depths, and extremely deep fish can be reluctant to bite.  However, post-turnover areas can provide large bait concentrations and schools of active, cooperative Stripers.  In order to consistently catch these late-season fish, it helps to pay close attention to their environment and to have a basic comprehension of Fall Turnover.

Rockfish are still biting

The stiff northeast wind made for some rough seas last week, but the Rockfish continued to bite well every day.  The grade of Rockfish improved while the grade of Bluefish decreased a notch.  Most of us are still live-lining using light tackle and live Spot as bait in order to work the Rockfish into feeding frenzies.  The Spot and White perch are starting to move into deeper waters as both the water and air temperature cool.  The Spot are getting a little tougher to catch and it won’t be long before the live-bait option is off the table and we will transition back to a trolling pattern.

The economy has taken a toll on most industries and charter-fishing is no exception.  I have more open Fall dates than usual and I’m currently taking deposits for Oct.-Dec. bookings.   Remember, mid-November-mid December is Trophy Rockfishing and our last chance at the migratory, 20 to 50 pound Striped Bass before we wrap up the season.
Let’s go fishing.

Chesapeake Bay 101

The Chesapeake Bay is a unique and fascinating body of water.  It runs two-hundred miles long and varies from three to thirty miles wide making it the country’s largest estuary.  If its shoreline were unraveled, it would reach from the east coast to the west coast and back.  Experts believe that the Bay was formed over 10,000 years ago when the original Susquehanna River Valley flooded from melted ice.  It is fed by 150 different rivers and tributaries, with each one playing its own important role within the ecosystem.  According to NOAA, over 250 species of fish and shellfish call the Chesapeake Bay their home.  Of all these aquatic critters, the Striped Bass, or “Rockfish” is probably the most sought-after by anglers.  Catching these tasty, hard-fighting fish is a specialty of Last Hurrah Charters.
To experience the beauty of the Chesapeake Bay and discover the excitement of Striper fishing, shoot us an email or give us a ring.

Weekly Report: 9/30-/10/6

Rockfishing is still excellent along with Bluefishing.  White Perch and Spot are plentiful on the bottom-fishing scene.  The last few days have been windy and rough, but overall the cooler weather has made conditions more pleasant for us humans and the fish are still biting.  Last Hurrah Charters is trying to fill October dates.  Contact to book.